The ​Perfect Wagnerite 1 csillagozás

A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring
George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite

As ​a commentator on music and music critics, Bernard Shaw was experienced and knowledgeable, strongly opinionated, and, as in all his writing, unsurpassed for brilliance and wit. The reader will find that this commentary on the cycle of four Wagner operas known as „The Ring” contains all these characteristics: it is enlightening and provocative, and it makes very entertaining reading.
Shaw was firm Wagner partisan, and in the book he enthusiastically endorses the operas and Wagner's music in general. Particularly interested in the philosophic and social ideology behind the Ring operas, he also discusses Wagner's life, the character of music drama as opposed to grand opera, the role of the Leitmotif in unifying the cycle and delineating character, the character of Siegfried, and many other related questions.
As with all of Shaw's work, even if the reader disagrees with much of it, he will still find the analysis full of stimulating ideas and valuable insights, and… (tovább)

Róla szól: Richard Wagner

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Courier, 1923
136 oldal · ISBN: 9780486217079

Enciklopédia 15

Szereplők népszerűség szerint

Loki · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Friedrich Nietzsche · Wotan · Karl Marx · Mihail Alekszandrovics Bakunyin · Prométheusz · Richard Wagner


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Várólistára tette 1


Kiemelt értékelések

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Arianrhod MP
George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Shaw egyszerűen fantasztikus!

Aki szereti a színműveit, az megérti lelkesült fölkiáltásomat, aki ismeri a filozófiai és politikai írásait, az tudja, hogy mire számítson, ha ezt a kis könyvet kinyitja. És érdemes nem csak kinyitni, hanem végig is élvezni, mert a szatírával határos, vitriolos humora itt mindenekfölött kinyilvánítja magát, és az ember fetreng a röhögéstől, bármily magasröptű művészeti téma is, amit kibont itt. És amit kibont, az a drámaíró és költő, a filozófus és zeneértő, a politikus és történész Shaw a leginkább elemében, amint a Wagneri Ring-ciklust mikrószkóp alá veszi. Nem igazán zenei szempontból, bár arra is sűrűn kitér, inkább magát a 4 szövegkönyvet mint színpadi művet, és mint allegóriát vizsgálja, a megírásuk politikai és eszmei hátterével aláfestve.

A két első opera még a baloldali anarchista forradalmár Wagner világképét tükrözi, ahol a régi világ arisztokráciája rezsimét veszélyezteti az újkapitalista föltörekvő polgárság, ahol a halódó régi rendet, és az új, pénzközpontú föltörekvő hatalmat egyaránt embertelennek látja a költő, és az ellenszer az anarchia, a mindent megdöntő, elsöprő forradalom lehet.

Odin és Frigga a régi rend, ahol Odin az Állam, és Frigga a Jog. Odin viszont, amikor a joggal házasságra lép, föladja az érzelmeit. A hatalom nem ismer szívjóságot. Regin a Pénz, aki nem ismer el sem erkölcsöt, sem jogot hatalomként maga fölött. Milyen jól látja, ugye? És jő Siegfried, az Anarchia megtestesítője, aki bármihez nyúl, azt elpusztítja minden erkölcsi gátlás nélkül. Őt Shaw rendszeresen Siegried Bakunyinként aposztrofálja…

Wagner később meginog, sikeressé válik, a hírnév és a pénz a hatalmába keríti, Shaw meg is kritizálja a ciklus befejező darabjának végkifejletét. Shaw csalódott, mert Wagner végül nem találja meg a frappáns befejezést, hanem a régi, jól bevált klisével zár: a végső válasz és megoldás a Szeretet. Milyen lehangoló!


Népszerű idézetek

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Arianrhod MP

Wotan, you will observe, has lost one eye; and you will presently learn that he plucked it out voluntarily as the price to be paid for his alliance with Fricka, who in return has brought to him as her dowry all the powers of Law.

As a god, he is to be great, secure, and mighty; but he is also to be passionless, affectionless, wholly impartial; for Godhead, if it is to live with Law, must have no weaknesses, no respect for persons.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: Wotan
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Arianrhod MP

Wagner was anticipated in the year 1819 by a young country gentleman from Sussex named Shelley, in a work of extraordinary artistic power and splendor. Prometheus Unbound is an English attempt at a Ring; and when it is taken into account that the author was only 27, whereas Wagner was 40 when he completed the poem of The Ring, our vulgar patriotism may find an envious satisfaction in insisting upon the comparison. Both works set forth the same conflict between humanity and its gods and governments, issuing in the redemption of man from their tyranny by the growth of his will into perfect strength and self-confidence; and both finish by a lapse into panacea-mongering didacticism by the holding up of Love as the remedy for all evils and the solvent of all social difficulties.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: Percy Bysshe Shelley · Prométheusz · Richard Wagner
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Arianrhod MP

There are people who cannot bear to be told that their hero was associated with a famous Anarchist in a rebellion; that he was proclaimed as „wanted” by the police; that he wrote revolutionary pamphlets; and that his picture of Niblunghome under the reign of Alberic is a poetic vision of unregulated industrial capitalism as it was made known in Germany in the middle of the nineteenth century by Engels's Condition of the Laboring classes in England. They frantically deny these facts, and then declare that I have connected them with Wagner in a paroxysm of senseless perversity. I am sorry I have hurt them; and I appeal to charitable publishers to bring out a new life of Wagner, which shall describe him as a court musician of unquestioned fashion and orthodoxy, and a pillar of the most exclusive Dresden circles. Such a work, would, I believe, have a large sale, and be read with satisfaction and reassurance by many lovers of Wagner's music.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: Friedrich Engels · Richard Wagner
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Arianrhod MP

Why he should not become an honest giant again, and clear out of his cavern, leaving the gold and the ring and the rest of it for anyone fool enough to take them at such a price, is the first question that would occur to anyone except a civilized man, who would be too accustomed to that sort of mania to be at all surprised at it.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

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Arianrhod MP

Thus you may see that when a German, by becoming a Social-Democrat, throws off all the bonds of convention, and stands free from all allegiance to established religion, law, order, patriotism, and learning, he promptly uses his freedom to put on a heavier set of chains; expels anti-militarists with the bloodthirstiest martial anti-foreign ardor; and gives the Kaiser reason to thank heaven that he was born in the comparative freedom and Laodicean tolerance of Kingship, and not in the Calvinistic bigotry and pedantry of Marxism.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: marxizmus
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Arianrhod MP

If Wagner were to turn aside from his straightforward dramatic purpose to propitiate the professors with correct exercises in sonata form, his music would at once become unintelligible to the unsophisticated spectator, upon whom the familiar and dreaded "classical” sensation would descend like the influenza. Nothing of the kind need be dreaded. The unskilled, untaught musician may approach Wagner boldly; for there is no possibility of a misunderstanding between them: The Ring music is perfectly single and simple. It is the adept musician of the old school who has everything to unlearn: and him I leave, unpitied, to his fate.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

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Arianrhod MP

Presently there comes a poor devil of a dwarf stealing along the slippery rocks of the river bed, a creature with energy enough to make him strong of body and fierce of passion, but with a brutish narrowness of intelligence and selfishness of imagination : too stupid to see that his own welfare can only be compassed as part of the welfare of the world, too full of brute force not to grab vigorously at his own gain.

Such dwarfs are quite common in London.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

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Arianrhod MP

The moment the Plutonic power is let loose, and the loveless Alberic comes into the field with his corrupting millions, the gods are face to face with destruction; since Alberic, able with invisible hunger-whip to force the labor of the dwarfs and to buy the services of the giants, can outshine all the temporal shows and splendors of the golden age, and make himself master of the world, unless the gods, with their bigger brains, can capture his gold. This, the dilemma of the Church today, is the situation created by the exploit of Alberic in the depths of the Rhine.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

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Arianrhod MP

When Fricka reproaches Wotan with having selfishly forgotten this, she finds that he, like herself, is not prepared to go through with his bargain, and that he is trusting to another great world-force, the Lie (a European Power, as Lassalle said), to help him to trick the giants out of their reward. But this force does not dwell in Wotan himself, but in another, a god over whom he has triumphed, one Loki, the god of Intellect, Argument, Imagination, Illusion, and Reason. Loki has promised to deliver him from his contract, and to cheat the giants for him; but he has not arrived to keep his word: indeed, as Fricka bitterly points out, why should not the Lie fail Wotan, since such failure is the very essence of him ?

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: Loki · Wotan
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Arianrhod MP

Donner, the Thunder god, springs to a rocky summit and calls the clouds as a shepherd calls his flocks. They come at his summons; and he and the castle are hidden by their black legions. Froh, the Rainbow god, hastens to his side. At the stroke of Donner's hammer the black murk is riven in all directions by darting ribbons of lightning; and as the air clears, the castle is seen in its fullest splendor, accessible now by the rainbow bridge which Froh has cast across the ravine.

George Bernard Shaw: The Perfect Wagnerite A Commentary on the Niblung's Ring

Kapcsolódó szócikkek: szivárvány
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